Chapter 3: How the polarity of carbohydrates can be used in chemistry
Published:20 Mar 2014
R. Xu and Y. Queneau, in Carbohydrate Chemistry: Chemical and Biological Approaches, Volume 40, ed. A. Pilar Rauter, T. Lindhorst, and Y. Queneau, The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2014, vol. 40, ch. 3, pp. 31-50.
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Carbohydrates are the polar stars of sustainable chemistry. Their polarity induces physico-chemical properties which can be used in different ways, either by bringing solubility assistance to low water-soluble compounds or providing amphiphilic character to hydrophobic molecules. This chapter covers some aspects of the use of carbohydrates in sustainable chemistry, including notably Lubineau's glyco-organic compounds used in hydrophobic-effect driven reactions in water, increased hydrophobic effects due to the presence of carbohydrate solutes in water and various applications in the surfactant and monomer fields.