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The development of human society, with advances in technology, has the merit of many ingenious devices, materials, and methods that have contributed undoubtedly to large improvements in the quality of human life. However, together with the progress achieved so far, undesired wastes, byproducts and toxins have also been produced, damaging our planet, and putting in danger to some extent our sustainability.

Human beings have proven to be able to use nature beyond any thinkable limitation. The drawback of such behavior is that we collectively have not yet learnt to control, among other undesired consequences, ecological disasters caused by contaminants and pollutants in the atmosphere and the water body of our planet, both of which are absolutely essential for life.

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