Chemical Modelling: Volume 13
DFT calculations of atoms and molecules in Cartesian grids
Published:01 Nov 2016
Density functional theory (DFT) has emerged as one of the most versatile and lucrative approaches in electronic structure calculations of many-electron systems in past four decades. Here we give an account of the development of a variational DFT method for atoms and molecules completely in a Cartesian grid. The non-relativistic Kohn–Sham equation is solved by using an LCAO-MO ansatz. Atom-centered localized basis set, electron density, molecular orbitals, two-body potentials are directly constructed on the grid. We adopt a Fourier convolution method for classical Coulomb potentials by making an Ewald-type decomposition technique in terms of short- and long-range interactions. It produces quite accurate and competitive results for various properties of interest, such as component energy, total energy, ionization energy, potential energy curve, atomization energy, etc. Both local and non-local functionals are employed for pseudopotential as well as full calculations. While most results are offered in a uniform grid, initial exploratory attempts are made in a non-uniform grid, which can significantly reduce the computational overhead. This offers a practical, viable alternative to atom-centered grid-based implementations, currently exploited by the majority of programs available world-wide.