Primary Processes of Photosynthesis, Part 2: Principles and Apparatus
Chapter 19: Electron Transport Chains in Oxygenic Cyanobacteria
Published:29 Nov 2007
G. A. Peschek, in Primary Processes of Photosynthesis, Part 2: Principles and Apparatus, ed. G. Renger and G. Renger, The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2007, vol. 9, ch. 19, pp. 383-415.
Download citation file:
Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) are introduced here and discussed as the paradigmatic organisms of oxygenic (plant-type) photosynthesis and aerobic (mitochondrial-type) respiration in both bioenergetic, evolutionary and ecological respects. As the most important energy-conserving biological mechanisms, both photosynthesis and respiration crucially depend on the membrane-bound chemiosmotic electron transport principle. Within the framework of a generalized endosymbiont hypothesis, therefore, the term free-living protochloromitochondria seems to be most suitable for these prokaryotic plants, which are also rightly named the bioenergetic nonplus-ultra. Being ideal laboratory organisms for (biochemical and biophysical) photosynthesis research some thermophilic species among them have recently been used for detailed X-ray structural analysis of no less than three of the most important energy-converting electron transfer complexes of plant-type photosynthesis, viz., Photosystems II and I and the cytochrome b6 f complex.