Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is a cornerstone arms control agreement prohibiting an entire category of weaponry. It is of unlimited duration and has achieved nearly universal adherence. As the elimination of most of the past chemical weapons programmes nears completion, efforts to maintain and strengthen the comprehensive ban on chemical weapons require a shift in priorities and programme focus from eliminating past programmes (which of course needs to be completed) to maintaining the Convention's effectiveness and adaptability to change in the future. This is often described as preventing the re-emergence of chemical weapons, but it also includes taking full advantage of the achievements of chemical weapons disarmament for the peaceful economic and technological development of the States Parties. This chapter builds on the previous chapters and summarises key challenges for the Organisation for the Prevention of Chemical Weapons (the OPCW) in this transition. It looks at national implementation, verification, and the strengthening of resilience against the hostile use of toxic chemicals. The chapter also identifies key challenges and opportunities in the field of peaceful cooperation among States Parties. The chapter also summarises the impact of convergence between chemistry and biology on the functioning of the CWC, and then looks at how the OPCW can remain fit for purpose as an international organisation at the nexus of disarmament, emergency response and international cooperation and assistance, and as a learning organisation and international centre of excellence in its field of operation. Finally, the chapter looks at the way ahead, and highlights opportunities for action by the Fourth CWC Review Conference in 2018.

You do not currently have access to this chapter, but see below options to check access via your institution or sign in to purchase.
Don't already have an account? Register
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal