NOx Trap Catalysts and Technologies: Fundamentals and Industrial Applications
Chapter 9: Reduction of Stored NOx with CO/H2 and Hydrocarbons: A Spatial Resolution Analysis1
Published:13 Jun 2018
Special Collection: 2018 ebook collection , ECCC Environmental eBooks 1968-2022Series: Catalysis Series
J. Choi, J. A. Pihl, T. J. Toops, and W. P. Partridge, Jr., in NOx Trap Catalysts and Technologies: Fundamentals and Industrial Applications, ed. L. Lietti and L. Castoldi, The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2018, ch. 9, pp. 245-278.
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Lean NOx traps (LNT) are multi-function multi-component catalysts which operate in an integral and transient reactor mode to reduce NOx in the exhaust from diesel or lean-burn gasoline engines. This chapter addresses the regeneration phase of the LNT operation, discussing various types of reductants and reactions involved. We describe how reductants of different reactivity influence catalyst functions, reactions, and overall regeneration efficiency. The presented examples highlight the importance of understanding the spatial and temporal development of key reactions and their interplay to rationalize the global performance of practical LNTs which are generally honeycomb-shaped ceramic monoliths. The emphasis is on explaining global NOx removal performance (i.e., activity and selectivity) based on the insights gained through spatially resolved techniques, including initial distribution and redistribution of stored NOx; oxygen storage and reduction; transformation of feed reductants; and formation and utilization of reduction intermediates. Pathways leading to N2O and NH3 byproduct formation as well as mitigation strategies are also discussed.