Advanced Environmental Analysis: Applications of Nanomaterials, Volume 2
CHAPTER 28: Desalination of Irrigation Water, Livestock Water, and Reject Brine Using n-ZVM (Fe0, Al0, Cu0)
Published:09 Nov 2016
Special Collection: 2016 ebook collection , ECCC Environmental eBooks 1968-2022Series: Detection Science
David D. J. Antia, 2016. "Desalination of Irrigation Water, Livestock Water, and Reject Brine Using n-ZVM (Fe0, Al0, Cu0)", Advanced Environmental Analysis: Applications of Nanomaterials, Volume 2, Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain, Boris Kharisov, Chaudhery M Hussain, Boris Kharisov
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n-ZVM (zero valent metals) can be used to both desalinate and treat water (including water disinfection). Desalination can be undertaken at atmospheric temperatures in existing water tanks and water bodies without requiring an energy supply. This chapter describes the different approaches that can be used: (i) potable water production; (ii) partial desalination using N2/N2 + H2 modified particles and pellets; (iii) desalination in a reducing environment; (iv) partial desalination using COx/N2/H2-modified particles and pellets; (v) combined redox and eutectic desalination; (vi) rapid partial desalination in an oxidising environment; (vii) rapid desalination at elevated temperatures (25–75 °C). n-ZVM is suitable for the desalination of irrigation water, livestock feed water, emergency relief water, reject brine associated with reverse osmosis desalination plants, saline waste water, and impoundments associated with shale gas/oil production.