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Nature provides several beneficial compounds for the betterment of human health. Carotenoid pigments are also essential natural antioxidant compounds owing to a broad spectrum of biological activities, including anti-cancer, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavengers etc.1  Lycopene is an acyclic carotene acting as a metabolite regulator via modulating carotenoid intermediates (β-carotene, torulene). Carotenoids are used as food colorants and nutritional supplements in the food industry. They have multiple preventive actions to cure various diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, oxidative stress-related disorders, atherosclerosis, and diabetes. Carotenoids also manage cell death, mutations, and protect from heart disease and cancer.2 

By 2050, the global population will increase by approximately 2.3 billion, bringing the total to ∼9.8 billion. Along with human population growth, environmental changes have arisen from the last four decades that pose a substantial human-made threat to farming and food safety.3 

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