Nanoscience: Volume 8
Metal organic framework derived nanostructures for heterogeneous catalysis
Published:11 Jul 2022
Metal organic frameworks and their derivatives, by virtue of their flexible composition as porous crystalline materials fabricated by metal ion nodes and organic ligands, have attracted great attention. The intriguing, distinctive, tunable structures, and customizable porosity make them very promising candidates for a number of different heterogeneous catalytic applications, including photocatalysis, electrocatalysis, and various organic transformation reactions. This chapter briefly summarizes the potential of MOF derivatives, their synthesis routes, and their high-scale activities. This perspective focuses on the need of MOF derivatives fabricated through the pyrolysis of MOF precursors and their employment as sacrificial templates to construct several carbon-based nanostructures, heteroatom doped over carbon architecture, and metal/metal oxide doped over carbon framework. The significant advances in synthesis routes, in combination with extraordinary properties, may provide a leading role to the current search for efficient catalytic processes.