Over the last decades, nanoscience and nanotechnology have influenced fields such as energy, water, environmental remediation, information technology and medicine. The integration of nanomaterials in commercial applications is increasing exponentially. The Nanoscience series provides a critical and concise assessment of the most recent research and opinion from across the globe. Topics covered in this volume include topics with sustainable development themes such as nanotechnology for CO2 reduction, porous organic polymers for CO2 reduction and water remediation on 1-D nanomaterials. Carbon based materials such as graphene-based composites and onion-like carbon nanoparticle are also covered. Other topical subjects include solid state lithium batteries, applications of metal organic frameworks, and electro-organic synthesis. The wide variety of topics covered in this volume will appeal to researchers working in fundamental and applied research.