2D Nanomaterials for CO2 Conversion into Chemicals and Fuels
CHAPTER 16: Conversion of CO2 into Energy-dense Chemicals and the Commercialization Using Two-dimensional Nanomaterials as Catalysts
Published:12 Aug 2022
Mohammed M. Al Hinaai, Mohammad Changez, 2022. "Conversion of CO2 into Energy-dense Chemicals and the Commercialization Using Two-dimensional Nanomaterials as Catalysts", 2D Nanomaterials for CO2 Conversion into Chemicals and Fuels, Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni, Karthik Kannan, Aboubakr M Abdullah, Bijandra Kumar
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Carbon dioxide (CO2) is an abundant source of carbon, and it is one of the main greenhouse gases, due to continuous enormous consumption of fossil fuel and extended industrial production. The accumulated CO2, not only increases global warming but it has a direct effect on human health. CO2 is highly stabile under ambient conditions, thus making it hard to use as a raw industrial material. A considerable amount of research has taken place exploring the ability to utilize CO2 as source of carbon. Thermo-chemical, photoelectrochemical, photocatalytic, biochemical, electrochemical, and neutralization reaction techniques have been investigated. Electrochemical techniques with the assistance of nanomaterials are the most promising methods to reduce CO2 into value-added chemicals and increase the conversion efficiency rate compared with other tested methods. 2D-nanomaterials can provide an extra reaction surface and increase the catalytic activity of the modified system. In this chapter (i) the principle of CO2 in the future energy and global warming (ii) the essential chemical role of two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials and reverse microbial fuel cell on the electrochemical reduction of CO2 (ERC), and (iii) updated information about available commercial ERC of CO2 will be discussed.