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Global warming and environmental pollution triggered by CO2 emission are the two critical challenges facing humankind. There is a need to focus science and technology pursuits to tackle these issues to restore the Earth's health and provide a sustainable future for the next generations. In this regard, many techniques and advanced nanomaterials have been extensively studied to capture CO2 emissions from large industries and many other sources. Two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials like metal sulphides (MoS2), carbon-based materials including g-C3N4, graphene oxide (GO), reduced graphene oxide (rGO) etc., have become the most promising nanomaterials to capture the CO2 in a significant way. More importantly, the hybrids of MoS2, g-C3N4, carbonaceous nanomaterials have emerged as attractive candidates for CO2 capture and its reduction into clean and low-carbon fuels and valuable chemical feedstock sustainable and intermittent renewable energy sources of sunlight and electricity through the heterogeneous photo(electro)catalysis. Hence, in this chapter, we focused on this important type of 2D nanomaterial (NMs) for CO2 capture by photocatalysis, photo(electro)catalysis to convert into clean fuels and value-added chemicals.

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