CHAPTER 2: Geoastronomy: Rocky Planets as the Lavoisier–Lomonosov Bridge from the Non-living to the Living World1
Published:29 Jun 2022
Life on Earth emerged at the interface of the planet's geosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere. This setting serves as our basis for how biological systems originate on rocky planets. Often overlooked, however, is the fact that a terrestrial-type planet's chemical nature is ultimately a product of the Galaxy's long term evolution. Elemental abundances of the major rock-forming elements (e.g. Si, Mg, Fe) can be different for different stars and planets formed at different times in galactic history. These differences mean that we cannot expect small rocky exoplanets to be just like Earth. Furthermore, age of the system dictates starting nuclide inventory from galactic chemical evolution, and past, present and future mantle and crust thermal regimes. A rocky planet's bulk silicate mantle composition modulates the kind of atmosphere and hydrosphere it possesses. Hence, the ingredients of a rocky planet are as important for its potential to host life as proximity to the so-called habitable zone around a star where liquid water is stable at the surface. To make sense of these variables, a new trans-disciplinary approach is warranted that fuses the disciplines of Geology and Astronomy into what is here termed, Geoastronomy.