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Studies of congenital malformations and their etiology in wild animals are a powerful tool when considered in a holistic/overall evaluation of the “one health status”. Reptiles, according to their habitat and biological features, can be promising predictors of environmental contamination. However, research in this area remains scarce and dispersed. The purpose of this review is to compile some documentation that describes or discusses the teratogenic effects of pesticides on reptiles. Further research in this area is urgently needed to implement concrete measures to improve ecosystem health and stop the present decline of reptile populations.

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