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With increasing environmental damage, rapidly depleting non-renewable sources of energy and inflationary oil prices, alternative sources of fuels such as green gasoline have become essential to promote a sustainable way of life. Green gasoline is equivalent to standard gasoline in composition, the difference being that it is extracted from plants in contrast to crude oil. Green gasoline has already found its way into regular fuel sources via blending. However, the environmental benefits of these alternative pathways need to be established through frameworks such as life cycle assessment (LCA). This chapter discusses various production routes to green gasoline and the basics of LCA. Multiple studies on the LCA of green gasoline have been conducted. This chapter reviews these studies and aims to provide insight into the importance and inherent shortcomings of such LCA studies. These studies differ in various respects such as functional units, modelling choices and impact categories. This chapter discusses the impacts of these differences and the way forward, and also highlights various specialized LCA studies and their importance in building better models for the future.

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