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Dengue, malaria, and cholera are infectious diseases spread by mosquitoes that pose a serious risk of illness to billions of people worldwide. Since there is no specific treatment for some of these diseases, eliminating their related vectors is the only strategy to reduce the risk of infection. For the control of these diseases, nanotechnology-based therapeutic agents with nanoformulations are currently gaining in popularity. Potential uses for metal nanoparticles (NPs) produced using an environmentally benign method from plant extracts have been suggested as mosquitocides. Metal NPs can be made sustainably in a rapid, inexpensive, and waste-free manner. This chapter describes the preparation and characterization of Ag, Au, ZnO, TiO2, and other nanomaterials from various parts of plant extracts and their mechanism of killing mosquitoes.

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