Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide: Overcoming the Limitations of Photosynthesis
Chapter 3: Copper Catalysts for the Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide
Published:21 May 2018
Special Collection: 2018 ebook collection , ECCC Environmental eBooks 1968-2022Series: Energy and Environment
Hyung Mo Jeong, Boon Siang Yeo, Youngkook Kwon, 2018. "Copper Catalysts for the Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide", Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide: Overcoming the Limitations of Photosynthesis, Frank Marken, David Fermin
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This chapter introduces copper (Cu) catalysts for the electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) in aqueous media. Cu is the only metallic electrode capable of electrochemically converting CO2 into hydrocarbons and alcohols with significant faradaic efficiencies. However, there are still challenges pertaining to reaction selectivity, efficiency and catalyst stability that need to be overcome before Cu can be applied to industrial-scale CO2 reduction. Previous experimental and theoretical works have suggested that tuning the binding energy of the key reaction intermediates by nanostructuring the Cu surface can play an important role in achieving this end. Therefore, this chapter focuses on the role of nanostructured Cu catalysts such as nanoparticles, oxide-derived Cu and Cu composites for the efficient and selective CO2 reduction to target products.