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The use of actinides in the civilian industry and defense sectors over the past 60 years has resulted in persistent environmental and health issues, since a large inventory of radionuclides, including actinides such as thorium (Th), uranium (U), neptunium (Np), plutonium (Pu), americium (Am) and curium (Cm), are generated and released during these activities.1  Controlled processing and disposal of wastes from the nuclear fuel cycle are the main source of actinide dissemination. However, significant quantities of these radionuclides have also been dispersed as a consequence of nuclear weapons testing, nuclear power plant accidents, and compromised storage of nuclear materials....

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