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Microorganisms play an important role in our everyday life and also in an ecological context. While a great number of species provide a benefit to humans in a direct or indirect manner, some of them can be terribly harmful due to the diseases they trigger or plainly undesirable and unnecessary for human means. To remove or hinder those unwanted microorganisms has been a goal since their discovery. There are classical approaches to accomplish this, but the adaptability of microorganisms – especially the alarming development of antibiotic-resistant strains – always calls for new methods. Once microorganisms grow in biofilms they are hard to come by and inadvertently spread infections are a fatal risk for immunodeficient people.1–8 

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