NMR in Glycoscience and Glycotechnology
CHAPTER 3: Insights into Carbohydrate Recognition by 3D Structure Determination of Protein–Carbohydrate Complexes Using NMR
Published:15 May 2017
Special Collection: 2017 ebook collectionSeries: New Developments in NMR
Mario Schubert, 2017. "Insights into Carbohydrate Recognition by 3D Structure Determination of Protein–Carbohydrate Complexes Using NMR", NMR in Glycoscience and Glycotechnology, Koichi Kato, Thomas Peters
Download citation file:
This chapter provides an overview of protein–carbohydrate complex structures determined with NMR spectroscopy and deposited in the Protein Data Bank (PDB). These 14 structures include protein–carbohydrate interactions ranging from nanomolar to millimolar affinities. Two complexes are discussed in detail, one representing a tightly bound complex and one a weak but specific interaction. This review illustrates that NMR spectroscopy is a competitive method for three-dimensional structure determination of protein–carbohydrate complexes, especially in the case of weak interactions. The number of biological functions in which protein–carbohydrate interactions are involved is steadily growing. Essential functions of the immune system such as the distinction between self and non-self, or the resolution of inflammation, involve critical protein–carbohydrate recognition events. It is therefore expected that by providing atomic details, NMR spectroscopy can make a significant contribution in the near future to unexplored pathways of the immune system and of many other biological processes.