Ecotoxicology and Genotoxicology: Non-traditional Terrestrial Models
Chapter 2: Higher-tier Multi-species Studies in Soil: Prospects and Applications for the Environmental Risk Assessment of Pesticides
Published:12 Jun 2017
Special Collection: 2017 ebook collection , ECCC Environmental eBooks 1968-2022Series: Issues in Toxicology
B. Scholz-Starke, S. Egerer, A. Schäffer, A. Toschki, and M. Roßig;-Nickoll, in Ecotoxicology and Genotoxicology: Non-traditional Terrestrial Models, ed. M. L. Larramendy and M. L. Larramendy, The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017, ch. 2, pp. 31-58.
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Agricultural soils provide a multitude of ecosystem services enabling safe and efficient crop production. These services depend on a good ecological status comprising the typical biodiversity of communities of soil organisms. The process of pesticide registration involves an Environmental Risk Assessment to ensure that the general protection of ‘biodiversity’ is achieved. The description of the specific risks to non-target soil communities requires advanced methods in a tiered approach, proposed to be ‘multispecies higher-tier’ test systems at the semi-field level. A well-described and -understood test system could serve as a surrogate reference tier for the calibration of the risk assessment of pesticides.