Environmental Impacts of Road Vehicles: Past, Present and Future
Cardiovascular Health Effects of Road Traffic Noise
Published:13 Jun 2017
Special Collection: 2017 ebook collection , ECCC Environmental eBooks 1968-2022
Anna Hansell, Yutong Samuel Cai, John Gulliver, 2017. "Cardiovascular Health Effects of Road Traffic Noise", Environmental Impacts of Road Vehicles: Past, Present and Future, R M Harrison, R E Hester
Download citation file:
The most common source of environmental noise is road traffic. Environmental noise is being increasingly recognised as being associated with long-term impacts on health, in addition to causing annoyance and sleep disturbance. In recent years, a lot of progress has been made in estimating population-level exposures to road traffic noise that permit large-scale epidemiological studies. While studies are not fully consistent, a relatively small number have been conducted to date. For hypertension and ischaemic heart disease, where enough studies have been conducted for combination in a meta-analysis, small but statistically significant associations showing increasing risks with increasing exposure to noise have been demonstrated. Further evidence from longitudinal studies is needed in order to refine estimates and also to examine potential mechanisms and intermediate outcomes such as inflammatory biomarkers and atherosclerosis.