Advances in Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting: Theory, Experiment and Systems Analysis
Chapter 6: Emerging Semiconductor Oxides for Direct Solar Water Splitting
Published:10 Apr 2018
Special Collection: 2018 ebook collection , ECCC Environmental eBooks 1968-2022Series: Energy and Environment
K. Sivula, 2018. "Emerging Semiconductor Oxides for Direct Solar Water Splitting", Advances in Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting: Theory, Experiment and Systems Analysis, S David Tilley, Stephan Lany, Roel van de Krol
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Research on the classic binary semiconducting oxides TiO2, WO3, and Fe2O3, has revealed many attractive properties of these materials for application as photoelectrodes in direct solar-to-fuel conversion devices. However, no binary oxide has yet been found with ideal properties for efficient and robust application in a photoelectrochemical device. Ternary and multinary metal oxides represent an appealing opportunity to develop materials with tuned optoelectronic properties perfect for solar-to-fuel application. Herein, some of the latest advances with employing complex metal oxide semiconductors in photoelectrochemical devices are described. The importance of electronic band composition is mentioned along with describing recent research progress with select vanadates, niobates, ferrites, cuprates and bismuthates. Strategies to engineer the performance using doping, nanostructuring, and heterojunction formation are highlighted. The influence of carrier diffusion length, band gap energy, band edge positions, and absorption coefficient are mentioned in the context of the limitations of each material. Finally, an outlook on the development of multinary oxides for future application is presented in view of the current state-of-the-art.