Post-combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture Materials
CHAPTER 5: Application Status of Post-combustion CO2 Capture
Published:22 Oct 2018
Special Collection: 2018 ebook collection , ECCC Environmental eBooks 1968-2022Series: Inorganic Materials
D. Pudasainee, V. Kurian, and R. Gupta, in Post-combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture Materials, ed. Q. Wang, The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2018, pp. 259-289.
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Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a major anthropogenic greenhouse gas. The atmospheric concentration of CO2 has increased from 280 ppm, in the mid-1800s, to about 407 ppm in 2017. Due to the global warming and climate change effect there have been worldwide efforts to control CO2 emission. Pre-combustion capture, post-combustion capture, oxy-fuel combustion, and chemical looping combustion are the technological options currently under consideration for capturing CO2 from combustion and gasification facilities. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has been accepted as a primary option to mitigate anthropogenic CO2 emissions. There are few large-scale CCS facilities in operation at present: (i) Petra Nova Carbon Capture, Texas, USA; (ii) SaskPower Boundary Dam- CCS; (iii) Kemper County Energy Facility (IGCC + CCS); and (iv) Callide – Oxy-fuel combustion and carbon storage demonstration plant. Furthermore, there have been some emerging small-scale PCC projects, most of which use ammonia or proprietary amines as a solvent.