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Green Synthetic Processes and Procedures

Green Chemistry Series


James H. Clark, Department of Chemistry, University of York, UK

Series editors:

George A. Kraus, Iowa State University, USA

Andrzej Stankiewicz, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands

Peter Siedl, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Titles in the series:

1: The Future of Glycerol: New Uses of a Versatile Raw Material

2: Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry

3: Eco-friendly Synthesis of Fine Chemicals

4: Sustainable Solutions for Modern Economies

5: Chemical Reactions and Processes under Flow Conditions

6: Radical Reactions in Aqueous Media

7: Aqueous Microwave Chemistry

8: The Future of Glycerol: 2nd Edition

9: Transportation Biofuels: Novel Pathways for the Production of Ethanol, Biogas and Biodiesel

10: Alternatives to Conventional Food Processing

11: Green Trends in Insect Control

12: A Handbook of Applied Biopolymer Technology: Synthesis, Degradation and Applications

13: Challenges in Green Analytical Chemistry

14: Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries

15: Enantioselective Homogeneous Supported Catalysis

16: Natural Polymers Volume 1: Composites

17: Natural Polymers Volume 2: Nanocomposites

18: Integrated Forest Biorefineries

19: Sustainable Preparation of Metal Nanoparticles: Methods and Applications

20: Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry: 2nd Edition

21: Natural Product Extraction: Principles and Applications

22: Element Recovery and Sustainability

23: Green Materials for Sustainable Water Remediation and Treatment

24: The Economic Utilisation of Food Co-products

25: Biomass for Sustainable Applications: Pollution Remediation and Energy

26: From C–H to C–C Bonds: Cross-dehydrogenative-coupling

27: Renewable Resources for Biorefineries

28: Transition Metal Catalysis in Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation

29: Green Materials from Plant Oils

30: Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) Based Blends, Composites and Nanocomposites

31: Ball Milling Towards Green Synthesis: Applications, Projects, Challenges

32: Porous Carbon Materials from Sustainable Precursors

33: Heterogeneous Catalysis for Today's Challenges: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications

34: Chemical Biotechnology and Bioengineering

35: Microwave-assisted Polymerization

36: Ionic Liquids in the Biorefinery Concept: Challenges and Perspectives

37: Starch-based Blends, Composites and Nanocomposites

38: Sustainable Catalysis: With Non-endangered Metals, Part 1

39: Sustainable Catalysis: With Non-endangered Metals, Part 2

40: Sustainable Catalysis: Without Metals or Other Endangered Elements, Part 1

41: Sustainable Catalysis: Without Metals or Other Endangered Elements, Part 2

42: Green Photo-active Nanomaterials

43: Commercializing Biobased Products: Opportunities, Challenges, Benefits, and Risks

44: Biomass Sugars for Non-fuel Applications

45: White Biotechnology for Sustainable Chemistry

46: Green and Sustainable Medicinal Chemistry: Methods, Tools and Strategies for the 21st Century Pharmaceutical Industry

47: Alternative Energy Sources for Green Chemistry

48: High Pressure Technologies in Biomass Conversion

49: Sustainable Solvents: Perspectives from Research, Business and International Policy

50: Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass: Advances in Science and Technology

51: Catalyst-free Organic Synthesis

52: Hazardous Reagent Substitution: A Pharmaceutical Perspective

53: Alternatives to Conventional Food Processing: 2nd Edition

54: Sustainable Synthesis of Pharmaceuticals: Using Transition Metal Complexes as Catalysts

55: Intensification of Biobased Processes

56: Sustainable Catalysis for Biorefineries

57: Supercritical and Other High-pressure Solvent Systems: For Extraction, Reaction and Material Processing

58: Biobased Aerogels: Polysaccharide and Protein-based Materials

59: Rubber Recycling: Challenges and Developments

60: Green Chemistry for Surface Coatings, Inks and Adhesives: Sustainable Applications

61: Green Synthetic Processes and Procedures

How to obtain future titles on publication:

A standing order plan is available for this series. A standing order will bring delivery of each new volume immediately on publication.

For further information please contact:

Book Sales Department, Royal Society of Chemistry, Thomas Graham House, Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge, CB4 0WF, UK

Telephone: +44 (0)1223 420066, Fax: +44 (0)1223 420247

Visit our website at

Green Synthetic Processes and Procedures

Edited by

Roberto Ballini

University of Camerino, Italy


Green Chemistry Series No. 61

Print ISBN: 978-1-78801-512-7

PDF ISBN: 978-1-78801-613-1

EPUB ISBN: 978-1-78801-839-5

Print ISSN: 1757-7039

Electronic ISSN: 1757-7047

A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2019

All rights reserved

Apart from fair dealing for the purposes of research for non-commercial purposes or for private study, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 and the Copyright and Related Rights Regulations 2003, this publication may not be reproduced, stored or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without the prior permission in writing of The Royal Society of Chemistry or the copyright owner, or in the case of reproduction in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency in the UK, or in accordance with the terms of the licences issued by the appropriate Reproduction Rights Organization outside the UK. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside the terms stated here should be sent to The Royal Society of Chemistry at the address printed on this page.

Whilst this material has been produced with all due care, The Royal Society of Chemistry cannot be held responsible or liable for its accuracy and completeness, nor for any consequences arising from any errors or the use of the information contained in this publication. The publication of advertisements does not constitute any endorsement by The Royal Society of Chemistry or Authors of any products advertised. The views and opinions advanced by contributors do not necessarily reflect those of The Royal Society of Chemistry which shall not be liable for any resulting loss or damage arising as a result of reliance upon this material.

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