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Polysaccharides are an important group of biological macromolecules that are widely used in many areas of the biomedical field due to their low-cost processing, abundance in nature, biodegradability, biocompatibility, non-toxicity, bioactivity, and water solubility. They are classified into homo- and heteropolysaccharides. Whereas the former group consists of the same type of monosaccharide repeats, such as starch, dextran, glycogen, cellulose, pectin, levan, and pullulan, the latter is made up of different sugar units, such as chitosan, hyaluronic acid, chondroitin sulfate, heparin, dermatan sulfate, and heparan sulfate.1  Polysaccharides constitute a very attractive class of biomaterials due to their various functional groups...

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