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Over the past two decades, surgery has seen tremendous changes. Laparoscopy which has its origin in 1901 when the very first laparoscopic surgery on dogs was performed1  has established itself as the gold standard in minimally invasive surgery (MIS). This type of surgery, which is manually conducted through small incisions, so-called keyholes, is likely to be completely replaced by robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (RAMIS) in the near future. RAMIS has successfully been used to treat patients in a number of areas, including prostate cancer and gynecological diseases. In particular, the da Vinci Surgical System by US company, Intuitive Surgical,...

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