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It is now well admitted in the battery research community that the next generation of batteries following this lithium-ion battery era should enable more sustainability with respect to energy storage. The heavy metal extraction and life cycle are some of the key problems that make the current technology one of the least green components of battery-powered devices. The path leading to more sustainability could trade the current heavy metal-based compounds for more abundant and eco-friendly elements, to make, for instance, organic-based electrodes. The aim of this chapter is to provide a comprehensive overview of nitroxide-based active materials for all-organic and organic hybrid batteries. Although there are many other electrode-related applications where they could shine, the category that will be highlighted in this chapter, namely organic radical polymers, will be mostly portrayed in the context of battery-related applications. In this context, not only the benefits of such approaches but also the challenges and limitations currently at play will be presented, since this is where the research should focus its efforts in order to bring them to the fore.

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