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The abundance of sodium in the Earth's crust as well as its high energy density make sodium ion batteries (SIBs) an excellent alternative to lithium ion batteries for large-scale energy storage applications. The performance and widespread deployment of SIBs are highly dependent on the electrode materials and electrode design principles. Recently, three-dimensional graphene-based macrostructures have been demonstrated as a promising new class of electrode materials due to their interconnected porosity and many intriguing physiochemical properties. In this chapter, we provide an overview of the most significant advancements in 3D graphene-based anodes and cathodes for applications in SIBs. In addition, existing challenges and commercial opportunities towards the development of next generation of 3D graphene-based electrodes for future large-scale applications in SIBs are also presented.

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