Chapter 13: Applicability of Highly Functional Phthalogens
Published:10 Aug 2021
Within this chapter, the syntheses as well as the chemical and physical properties of phthalogens are discussed. Phthalogens are compounds, which give upon thermal treatment, photo-irradiation or (electro)chemical reduction their respective (metallo)phthalocyanines (MPc's) or (metallo)naphthophthalocyanines MNc's. The applications of phthalogens from the viewpoint as precursors of MPc's and MNc's in the fields of textile-fiber coloring and surface patterning as well their original application as homogeneous catalysts are reported as well.