This chapter serves as an introduction and orientation for all the chapters in Part 2. In research ethics, both as guidelines and as a discourse tool, the virtue approach serves a good purpose. Here, we are not very concerned about ethics as a philosophical method of figuring out solutions for dilemmas and problems, but about compliance with moral conventions as part of a social contract. Some regard the ethical rules as trivial: everybody knows these rules! Yet, as practical experiences show, knowing the rules doesn't protect from acting against them. Thus, the main goal of this chapter is to present a basis for argumentation and goal-oriented discourse. We learn these virtues of science not primarily in order to develop our virtuous character, but in order to have a discourse strategy at hand that we can apply when we encounter situations of misconduct and violation of scientific integrity.