Creative thinking in the classroom is seen as something to be promoted and is as much for the teacher as for the student. The creative teaching of chemistry is clearly not the same as students’ thinking creatively about chemistry. Creative teaching is when a teacher applies imagination to produce novel approaches with the intention of making students’ learning more interesting and effective. Fostering students’ creative thinking in chemistry aims to have students produce explanations or ideas that are novel to them and, at the same time, appropriate in the sense that they are scientifically plausible. The wide reaching benefits of creative teaching for the teacher are discussed as well as the benefits for learning. Students thinking creatively in chemistry is discussed in relation to the problem space, the hypothesis space, the experimental space, the application space and the auxiliary spaces. The chapter concludes with a discussion about the challenges in relation to fostering creativity.