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Here we look at the history of vampire research and the case that started it all off: Arnold Paole, a man who came back from the dead to bump off 14 of his fellow villagers. It was the first of many reports of vampire epidemics that occurred in the early eighteenth century, when the natural philosophers of the Enlightenment were primed and ready to investigate. This chapter also looks at the fictional vampirologists who tracked the undead in novels such as Carmilla and Dracula, as well as their modern-day counterparts, from the Scooby Gang in Buffy the Vampire Slayer, to real-life scientists, folklorists, archeologists and historians. Many experts from many different disciplines have investigated vampires and their characteristics, either deliberately or by accident. For example, when a skeleton was unearthed with a stake still pinning it in place, or when biologists have wondered how vampire bats could survive on blood.

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