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This chapter charts the history of vampires and vampire-like creatures, from ancient to modern times, and introduces the types of blood-sucking revenants that will be encountered later in the book. There have been three main eras of vampires, each adapted to the time and place they existed in. First, came the ancient undead, who brought death and disease to the living and blood-sucking creatures of ancient mythology. These were followed by folklore vampires, who emerged from their graves in the eighteenth century; they were well-known to their victims and were characterised by a bloated and flushed appearance. Modern vampires, whom we would recognise by their pale, aristocratic countenance, were born in 1821 in a short story, and continued their undead existence in books, theatres, films and TV shows.

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