1.153 | metrological compatibility of measurement results | ||

metrological compatibility | |||

Property of a set of measurement results for a specified measurand, such that the absolute value of the difference of any pair of measured quantity values from two different measurement results is smaller than some chosen multiple of the standard measurement uncertainty of that difference. | |||

Note 1: | Metrological compatibility of measurement results replaces the traditional concept of ‘staying within the error’, as it represents the criterion for deciding whether two measurement results refer to the same measurand or not. If in a set of measurements of a measurand, thought to be constant, a measurement result is not compatible with the others, either the measurement was not correct (e.g., its measurement uncertainty was assessed as being too small) or the measured quantity changed between measurements. | ||

Note 2: | Correlation between the measurements influences metrological compatibility of measurement results. If the measurements are completely uncorrelated, the standard measurement uncertainty of their difference is equal to the root square sum of their standard measurement uncertainties, while it is lower for positive covariance or higher for negative covariance. | ||

Note 3: | As required by the Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) of the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM) through which national metrology institutes demonstrate the international equivalence of their measurement standards, the concept ‘degree of equivalence’ is applied in special interlaboratory comparisons termed “key comparisons”. The degree of equivalence of each national standard is expressed quantitatively by two terms: its deviation from the key comparison reference value and the uncertainty of this deviation (at a coverage probability of approximately 95 %).^{63 } See also: metrological equivalence of measurement results. | ||

Source: [VIM 2.47] with corrected Note 2 and added Note 3. |

1.153 | metrological compatibility of measurement results | ||

metrological compatibility | |||

Property of a set of measurement results for a specified measurand, such that the absolute value of the difference of any pair of measured quantity values from two different measurement results is smaller than some chosen multiple of the standard measurement uncertainty of that difference. | |||

Note 1: | Metrological compatibility of measurement results replaces the traditional concept of ‘staying within the error’, as it represents the criterion for deciding whether two measurement results refer to the same measurand or not. If in a set of measurements of a measurand, thought to be constant, a measurement result is not compatible with the others, either the measurement was not correct (e.g., its measurement uncertainty was assessed as being too small) or the measured quantity changed between measurements. | ||

Note 2: | Correlation between the measurements influences metrological compatibility of measurement results. If the measurements are completely uncorrelated, the standard measurement uncertainty of their difference is equal to the root square sum of their standard measurement uncertainties, while it is lower for positive covariance or higher for negative covariance. | ||

Note 3: | As required by the Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) of the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM) through which national metrology institutes demonstrate the international equivalence of their measurement standards, the concept ‘degree of equivalence’ is applied in special interlaboratory comparisons termed “key comparisons”. The degree of equivalence of each national standard is expressed quantitatively by two terms: its deviation from the key comparison reference value and the uncertainty of this deviation (at a coverage probability of approximately 95 %).^{63 } See also: metrological equivalence of measurement results. | ||

Source: [VIM 2.47] with corrected Note 2 and added Note 3. |

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